The ethical principle of confidentiality requires that information that a client shares with a therapist during treatment is not shared with others. This principle strengthens the therapeutic alliance, as it fosters a trusted environment. There are important exceptions to confidentiality, that is, where it is contrary to the physician`s obligation to notify or protect. These include cases of suicidal behaviour or plans for murder, child abuse, elder abuse and abuse of dependent adults. In recent times, privacy laws have been amended [by whom?], so doctors and nurses should expect severe penalties if they violate confidentiality. A Confidentiality Agreement (NDA), also known as a Confidentiality Agreement (CA), Confidential Disclosure Agreement (CDA), Intellectual Property Information Agreement (PIA) or Confidentiality Agreement (SA), is a legal contract or part of a contract between at least two parties that describes confidential information, knowledge or information that the parties wish to communicate with each other for specific purposes, but which limits access to it. Physician-patient confidentiality (doctor-patient privilege-privilege), solicitor-client privilege, priestly privilege, bank client confidentiality and kickback agreements are examples of NDAs that are often not enshrined in a written contract between the parties. NDA is an acronym for non-disclosure agreement. It is also known as the Confidential Disclosure Agreement (CDA) and proprietary information agreement (PIA). On 26 June 2012, a judge of the Oslo District Court apologised for the court`s hearing on contacts with children`s aid services (Norway), which had been covered by dieality (which had not been quashed at the time of the trial of Anders Behring Breivik). [13] Confidentiality agreements that “seal” litigation are not uncommon, but this may leave the regulator and society unaware of public dangers.

In Washington State, for example, journalists found that about two dozen cases of medical malpractice had been improperly sealed by judges, leading to excessively weak discipline by the Department of Health. [15] In the 1990s and early 2000s, the scandal of sexual abuse of Catholics involved a number of confidentiality agreements with victims. [16] Some states have passed laws that restrict confidentiality. For example, in 1990, Florida passed a “Sunshine in Litigation” law that restricts the confidentiality of the concealment of public dangers. [17] In Washington, Texas, Arkansas and Louisiana, there are also laws restricting confidentiality, although judicial interpretation has weakened the application of such laws. [18] The U.S. Congress proposed a similar “Federal Sunshine” in the Litigation Act, but was not passed in 2009, 2011, 2014 and 2015. [19] In the United Kingdom, information about a person`s HIV status is treated confidentially within the National Health Service.

This is based on the law, the constitution of the NHS and the main rules and procedures of the NHS. It is also described in the employment contract of each member of the NHS and in the professional standards established by the supervisory authorities. [9] The confidentiality of the National AIDS Trust in the NHS: Your Information, Your Rights[10] defines these rights. All registered health professionals must meet these standards and, if they are found to have violated confidentiality, they can expect disciplinary action. If you want to write a master`s thesis involving collaboration with a corporate/external organization, you must sign an agreement explaining the information about your work. There are two ways you can do this: in certain circumstances, parties may feel compelled to sign agreements that prevent the proper use of information, for example. B if this is a condition for the safeguarding of an important or prestigious order. This was the case for contracts for the London 2012 Olympic Games, where suppliers responsible for delivering the project were prevented from talking about or writing about it, even after the Games had closed.